How to Write a Cover Letter

How to Write a Cover Letter

Often time, job hunter sends a copy of cover letter together with a curriculum vitae and or application letter as a brief self-introduction to their potential employer, explaining their fit for the applied position. Sometimes, some employers seek for a thoughtful and carefully written cover letter as one of the methods of screening applicant.

What is a Cover Letter?

A cover letter is a single-page letter usually attached to a letter of application or any other document like a résumé or a curriculum vitae. A cover letter is a letter that you include with your job application. You should always include a cover letter unless the job advertisement clearly says not to.

Categories of Cover Letters

  1. Application letter: this is usually written to apply for a particular advertised job,
  2. Inquiry letter: written to express interest/concern in an organization when an applicant is uncertain if there is any job opening in a particular organization.

Attributes of a Good Cover Letter

  1. Specific to an applied position and up-to-date,
  2. Appropriate punctuations and grammatical-error-free,
  3. No mistakes, correct spellings and free from typographical errors,
  4. Highlighting important information in chronological order,
  5. Make reference to recent job positions and must be closely related to the position applied for,
  6. Keep it short,
  7. Address to the company/organization appropriately.

Expected Content of a Good Cover Letter

Listed below are a few things you are expected to consider including in your cover letter:

  1. Include your name and contact details:
    • Let your name be boldly written on the top,
    • Include your email address (ensure your email contains your first and surname to make it more official) and phone number. Avoid using a funny email address like
  2. Include the employers’ contact details just after your contact details in the following order:
    • The name of the employer,
    • Name of the company you apply to,
    • Contact details of the company.
    • Note: in cases where you do not know the company’s contact details, you may use (to whom it may concern)
  3. Job title
  4. Relevant related skills
  5. State why you are fit for the job.