Juvenile Delinquency is a term used to describe children under 18 years of age being involved in a criminal act. As broad as Juvenile Delinquency is, it could sometime be used to describe everything or anything that ranges from a child refusing to go to school to more serious crimes like being violent to fellow children or society.
Most often than said, some children who are below the ages of prosecution often get themselves involved in some of these criminal activities unknowingly, some get involved for pleasure while some by pressure.
Juvenile offences can range from status crimes which include but not limited to smoking/taking of alcohol as well as hard drugs, to the destruction of public/private properties and violation of code of conduct.
Although there is no agency who has the jurisdiction to track juvenile delinquency across the globe, UNICEF has roughly estimated that over a million children are currently in detention. Across the few countries who keeps a record of delinquent cases, the US records the highest number.
In Moffitt’s developmental research (2006), he pointed out the two kinds of offenders that emerge in adolescence. The first is an age-specific offender which tends to start manifesting at the early stage of adolescence and ends before the juvenile delinquent becomes an adult. The second type of kind of offenders are the “Repeat Offenders”; another name given to this set offenders is “life-course-persistent offenders.” This set of juvenile kids engage in continues criminal behaviours even when they have made it into adulthood.
Moffitt (2006), noted that some teenagers show some form of antisocial behaviour during adolescence, he noted that such behaviours should closely be studied in childhood to be able to detect whether or not they will be adolescence-limited offenders. The other type of offender is the repeat offender, referred to as the life-course-persistent offender, who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behaviour in adolescence (or even in childhood) and continues into adulthood…